On the development of tourism in Syrdarya region and effective utilization of inactive domestic resources
General reference. Syrdarya region was founded on February 16, 1963. The area is 4.3 thousand km². Almost 60% of the area is farming, 1% is forests and 5% is pastures. The region has more than 815 thousand inhabitants. There are 3 cities and 8 districts in the region. Syrdarya river, Southern Mirzachul and Dustlik channels flow through the region. The region is bordered with Kazakhstan on the North, on the South with the Republic of Tajikistan, Tashkent and Jizzakh regions.
In the region, winter is unstable, and I some cases temperature can drop to -34 degrees. Summer is dry and hot, with a temperarure of +42 +45 degrees Celsius. The water reserves are limited and the main source of water resources of the region is Syrdaryo river and artificial channels through it.
The Syrdarya Oasis is an ancient important geographical area where crossing of Sogd. Choch, and Ferghana roads have passed. The oldest settlements in the region have emerged on the banks of rivers and deserts that are accessible for irrigation. The first inhabitants lived along the banks of Hujamushkentsoy, Shurbuloksoy, Mugilsoy, Togobsoy, Sarmichsoy, and Syrdarya rivers. Archeological evidence suggests that early farming settlements appeared on the coasts of Hujamushkentsoy and Shurbulaksoy 3,000 years ago. This is obvious, because the above-mentioned strains and surroundings are fertile.
The oldest monuments on the shores of Shurbuloksoy are the ancient monuments Khovos and Nurtepa. There are two places mentioned by Arabian geographers in Syrdarya region. They are Sabat and Khovos. Khovos was the center of the so-called rustack. There is almost no information in written sources. Arabian geographers have just mentioned it as a location on the crossroads of caravan routes.
Tourism. There are specific condition for the development of tourism in the region. Specifically, the natural climate is characterized by a number of lakes and artificial water basins, which are cultivated more than 20 species of fish.
There are protected areas in the region. For instance, the “Sayhun” protected area, which was founded in 1995 in the tugai on the banks of the Syrdarya river, specializing in the growth of unique wild birds. In addition to raising wild ducks and geese, farm activities are also aimed at preserving the 382 hectares of forests. At this nature reserve there are more than 30 kinds of tree and shrubby plants included in the Red book of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the steppes black snake, wild pig, jackal, and more than 20 species of wild birds live in the tugai.
Except these, medical tourism is also well developed in the region. In 2017, about 14,000 foreigners visited the region in case of medical treatment, and 132 foreigners as a tourist from all over the world. 332 of them stayed at the hotels in the region. Building modern hotels for 300-400 foreigners on the right and left bank of the Dustlik canal, which flow along the Gulistan city and also supplying clinics with modern technology and building can attract more tourist to the region.
Sardoba dome. According to the historical sources the monument of “Wooden Sardoba” was built in the second half of the 17th century by Bukharan’s khan Abdullakhan which is located in Sardoba district of the Syrdarya region. It is assumed that the bricks of the historical monument are square shaped and brought from Samarkand.
In ancient times, this historic monument was built to provide with water and to have a rest of caravan. According to historical sources, there were 2 inner pools. In these pools there were 2 wells and they provided with constant freezing water. Later, one pool closed and now there are only one pool left. Pool water is unusable as a result of the rising waters around the wooden sardoba monument.
The monument has a square of 75 meters and has a total area of 5625 square meters. The two sides and the back part are 3 meters high with concrete fronts, and the front part is surrounded by walled ornaments. Wooden Sardoba is located in the middle of the surrounded area. The historical monument was constructed with a diameter of 27 meters. The height is 8 meters.
Suggestions. Today, this historical monument needs repair. During the visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the region on May 17, 2017, the Ministry of Culture has allocated 600 million soums for restoration of the monument and restoration works are scheduled for March of this year.
Regional studies museum “Mirzachul”. This building is situated in Gulistan, Navoi avenue, and was the home of count Alekseevskiy, who lived in the 19th century. In 2012, 120 million soums were allocated from the Republican Department of the Protection and Use of Cultural Heritage for capital reconstruction and turned into a regionl studies museum of Syrdarya region. Today, there are 1986 exhibits, including 200 books, 8 manuscripts, and 1068 archeological collections. By Resolution 975 of the Cabinet of Ministers, The Regional studies museum Syrdarya region is transformed into Syrdarya region History and Culture state museum. On the basis of this decision, the museum was given Category 3 status.
Suggestions. Today, because of the repairs of the museum, it needs to be reconstructed at the expense of the local budget, i.e. it is necessary to wrap it around with a protective grille, build a heating system and beautify it. It is also necessary to equip with the sources reflecting the history of the region, and to organize collection of ancient artifacts, findings, manuscripts and books in the region.
Sardoba water reservoir . Sardoba water reservoir is situated in Sardoba district, Syrdarya region. The construction process has begun in 2010 and planned to finish the construction in 2018.
The total area of the reservoir is about 7,2 thousand hectares, the water keeping area is 5,8 thousand hectares. The reservoir is watered by the South Mirzachul canal that crosses the region and its total water capacity is 922 million cubic meters, and today there are 420 million cubic meters of water.
This facility will provide a total of 142,5 thousand hectares of water used in the countryside, i.e. a part of Mirzaabad, Akaltin, Sardoba and Khovos districts of Syrdarya region, as well as the Pahtakor, Dustlik and Mirzachul districts of Jizzakh region.
Today, on the initiative of our President, to use Sardoba water reservoir efficiently significant efforts are being made to develop fishery and create a leisure tourist destination.
Particularly, on the initiative of “Uzbekistan Railways” SC was established “Profishline” that will allocate 15 billion soums for the development of fish farming in the region, as well as allocate 11 billion soums of loans from the Ipoteka Bank, which currently 2.5 billion credit line was opened, and 500 million soums of it has already invested.
In order to establish a recreation zone on the Sardoba reservoir, the First Deputy of Chairman of the Board of Directors of the “Uzbekistan railways” SC has received the order No. 1054-NZ, clearly indicating the source of the customer, the designer, the contractor and the financing.
Melon market. The melon market in Mirzaabad district was established in 2010 and is a seasonal shopping complex. The market begins to work when farming harvest gets ready and lasts till November and December. This complex occupies 1 hectare area.
Suggestions. With the reconstruction of the commercial complex, we can develop tourism on shopping seasonal agricultural products and organize recreational (yurt camping) areas around it.
There are natural lakes on 82 hectares of land, including fish species such as carp, bone, lagoon, lilac. Hunting and caring weapons are temporarily prohibited in the area. Because the borders of the region with the Republic of Kazakhstan are not clear.
Suggestions. For the purpose of establishing a natural recreation area and improving the hunting tourism in the Kalgansir forestry, obtaining permission from the relevant authorities is required. At the same time, it is necessary to set boundaries and clarify the borders with the Republic of Kazakhstan. According to the existing hunting regulations, hunting is possible at a distance of up to 500 meters in the border areas, and 1 kilometer from the urban area, 150 meters from bus routes and 300 meters from settlements. Artificial breeding of wild animals is also possible in the forestry. There is also an opportunity to develop tourism through fishing on the artificial lakes and boating.
Dalvarzin state hunting-forestry. Located in Bekabad district of Tashkent region, the area Dalvarzin, now under the Ministry of Agriculture and Water management, has been transformed into state forestry. Toda, there are wild pigs, hawks, foxes, chicks and wild rabbits in the farm, ducks and geese from birds. Its Jiyda branch is located in Gulistan district, with an area of 650 hectares. Nowadays, the area is in bad condition because it has remained uncontrolled.
Suggestions. By transferring 650 hectares of land of Jiydali to the Syrdarya region’s authority there can be promoted of hunting tourism and artificial breeding of wildlife and fishing, as well as the construction of tourist attractions.
In the hunting areas of the region, it is necessary to obtain permission from the provincial directorate of internal affairs in order to provide hunting weapons.
Artificial and natural lakes. There are 309 artificial and natural lakes in the region with total area of 12.3 thousand hectares. They produce 3.4 thousand tons of fish per year. In the region you can find carp, grass, African soya, greenish, tolstolop, saltac and other types of fish. This year it is planned to produce 13.6 thousand tons of fish in the region, of which 1.2 thousand tons are in artificial basins, 500 tons in natural lakes, 600 tons in intensive care in small water reservoirs, 300 tons in closed circulation and thousand tons in rice fields.
The total area of the reserve located in the place of Rabat of Sayhunabad district is 372 hectares, of which the remaining lake basin is 131 hectares. Nowadays, this nature reserve has been abandoned, its hotels, recreation facilities and incubation facilities are in need of repair.
According to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan № 2938 of May 1, 2017 “On measures to improve the fisheries management system” the firm “Syrdaryafisheryindustry” made contract to improve fishery in the 131 hectares water basin, by the results of the tender which held on 11 January 2018.
Suggestions. On the fishing territory of the forestry it is necessary to organize paid fishing activities and restoration of the recreational area. Moreover, it is necessary to develop ecotourism by breeding birds and animals such as rabbits, wild boars, geese, ducks in the reserve.
Medical tourism. In 2017, about 13766 foreigners visited the region in case of medical treatment, and 132 foreigners as a tourist from all over the world.
Today there are 52 medical clinics in our region. In particular, clinics such as “Ravshan Davolash maskani”, “Malyuba”, “Sayxun Med servis” are functioning. These clinics provide paid services to 75-80 thousand residents and foreign citizens. From year to year the number of citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Ophthalmology hospital is increasing. This, in turn, leads to the development of medical tourism.
Suggestions. If entrepreneurs receive preferential loans from commercial banks, bringing modern pharmaceutical equipment from abroad will lead to further development of medical tourism in our region. Building modern hotels for 300-400 foreigners on the right and left bank of the Dustlik canal, which flow along the Gulistan city and also supplying clinics with modern technology and building can attract more tourist to the region.
On Mirzarabot caravanserai. Ancient Silk Road passed through Syrdarya region. There was a caravanserai of Mirzarabat in the 15th and 16th centuries in the region. That caravanserai served caravans from the Great Silk Road. But nowadays that historical monument didn’t exist. It is planned to restore that historic monument by the firm “Syrdaryatourism”.
Suggestions. In order to develop domestic tourism and attract foreign tourists in our region, it is planned to construct a two-hectare land on the above mentioned caravanserai on the basis of modern architecture. This project will be built on the big Uzbek truckt-M-39 road in Akoltin district. The interior of the caravanserai consists of historical pieces and exhibits, as well as artworks, pictures of caravans which reflecting the history of Mirzachul. It also envisages the construction of ancient hotels, tea houses, bakeries, ironmongery and handicraft workshops, hairdressers, baths, lorries, carriages, ancient historical buildings, mosques and temples. In addition, a cinema for 100 seats will be built to demonstrate a documentary which is titled “Caravanserai and Trade Caravans” in 3D format that provides information about caravanserais for foreign tourists.
It is estimated that a total of 24 billion sums should be allocated for this project. As a result of this project, cultural and eco tourism develops in the region, various recreational facilities will be created for foreign tourists, more than 800 employees will get constant job.
The Syrdarya region, in the center of Uzbekistan, on the left side of the Syrdarya river which is one of the longest river in Central Asia, its length along the region is 94 km. The total area of the region is 4.3 thousand sq.km. or 0.9% of the total area of the republic. The region is characterized by the presence of flat zones.
Syrdarya region borders with the Republic of Kazakhstan in the north, with the Tashkent region in the east, with the Republic of Tajikistan in the southeast, with the Jizzakh region in the southwest. The population of the region is 815.7 thousand people.
Syrdarya region was founded on February 16, 1963. The region consists of 8 districts: Oqoltin, Khovos, Boyovut, Gulistan, Mirzaobod, Saykhunobod, Syrdarya, Sardoba, and three cities: Gulistan, Yangier, Shirin. The administrative center is Gulistan, which is located 118 km from Tashkent.
The Syrdarya region is located in the center of Uzbekistan, on the left side of one of the longest rivers in Central Asia – the Syr Darya, whose length in the region is 94 km. The total area of the region is 4.3 thousand square kilometers, or 0.9% of the total territory of the republic. The relief of the region is characterized by the presence of flat areas.
In the north, the Syrdarya region borders with the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the east – with the Tashkent region, in the south-west – with the Djizak region. The population of the region is 815.7 thousand people.
The Syrdarya region was formed on February 16, 1963. The region includes 8 districts: Akaltyn, Khavast, Bayaut, Gulistan, Mirzaabad, Sayhunabad, Syrdarya, Sardoba and 3 cities: Gulistan, Shirin, Yangiyer. The administrative center is the city of Gulistan, located 118 km from the city of Tashkent.
The Syrdarya region is an ancient geographic region, at the intersection of Sogd, Choch and Fergana. The oldest settlements appeared on the banks of rivers and lands available for irrigation. The first settlements lived in the district of Khodjamushkensay, Shurbulaksai, Mogsil, Togobsay, Sarmichsai, Syrdarya. Archaeological evidence suggests that the first farming settlements appeared about 3000 years ago in the area of Khodjamushenkensay and Shurbulaksay.
The oldest monuments on the shores of Shurbulaksay are the monuments of Old Khavast and Nurtepa. There are two monuments mentioned by Arab geographers in the Syrdarya region, these are Sabat and Khavast. Khavast was the center of the so-called Rustak.
There are favorable conditions for the development of tourism in the region. In particular, the natural climate is characteristic for the desert region, a number of lakes, artificial reservoirs and forests provide great opportunities for the development of hunting and ecotourism. In particular, the farm “Sayhun”, established in 1995 on the bank of the Syr Darya River, specializing in the breeding of wild birds, not only increased the population of wild ducks and geese, but also preserved 382 hectares of forests. More than 30 varieties of trees and shrubs are grown on the territory of the farm, black snakes, wild pigs, spiders, and more than 20 species of wild birds are bred.
In the region there are more than 20 hotels for tourists, which can accommodate about 400 foreign and local tourists, as well as the development of medical tourism. During the year, more than 14 thousand foreign citizens visit the region for recovery.
In the Sardoba region, there is a unique historical hydrotechnical structure of Sardoba. The covered pond with a dome, built for special water storage, is located in the village of Gumbaz, Sardoba district, built in the second half of the 17th century by the Bukharian Khan Abdullahon.
In ancient times, this historical monument was built to provide water to the caravans of the Great Silk Road. According to historical data, there were 2 internal wells. These wells are sources of supply of constant cold water. Later one of them was closed.
Ёдгорлик томонлари 75 метрга тенг бўлган квадрат ҳолида тўсилган ва умумий майдони 5625 квадрат метр. Икки ён томони ва орқа қисми 3 метр баландликдаги бетон тўсиқлар билан, олд қисми эса чўян безакли тўсиқлар билан ўралган. Ўралган умумий майдоннинг ўртасида “Ёғочли” Сардоба тарихий ёдгорлиги жойлашган. Тарихий ёдгорлик диаметри 27 метр айлана ҳолда қурилган. Бандлиги 8 метр ва олд кириш қисми 5 метр узунликда, 3 метр баландликда айвон қурилган.
The construction of the reservoir “Sardoba” started in 2010 in the Sardobin district is planned to be completed by the end of 2018.
The total area of the reservoir is 7.2 thousand hectares, of which water storage is 5.8 thousand hectares. Water flows from the South Mirzachul Canal, crosses the region with a total capacity of 922 million cubic meters, today the volume of water is 420 million cubic meters.
The reservoir supplies water to 142.5 thousand hectares of land used in agriculture, water supply of Pakhtakor, Dustlik and Mirzachul districts of Djizak region, as well as Mirzaabad, Akaltyn, Sardoba and Khavast districts of Syrdarya region.
Today, at the initiative of our esteemed President, considerable efforts are being made to use the reservoir of Sardoba for the development of fishing and the creation of a tourist zone for recreation.
In particular, “Uzbek Railways” OJSC plans to create a recreation area in the area, which will be completed by the end of 2018.
Forestry Kalgansir is located in the Syrdarya region, the total area is 5421 hectares. Its territory is mostly forests and pastures, where wild animals and birds are present, such as pigs, wild rabbits, ducks, geese and shrubs. In addition, there are 82 hectares of natural lakes in forestry, including fish species such as carp, pike perch, thick bean, lilac, carp and others.
In addition, in the Gulistan region there is a forestry enterprise “Zhydali” with an area of 650 hectares, which is part of the Delverzin forestry enterprise branch, where it can also offer engagemen in hunting, fishing and recreation along the river.