The climate is continental and dry. Summers are hot and long, almost no precipitation; hot winds – garmsil – are often. Soil is meadow in irrigated areas; there are also light gray and gypsum-bearing soils.
Shrubs are represented by Calligonum, Astragalus, etc ; ephemeral plants include sedge, bluegrass viviparous ; cereals – Celine, wheatgrass, brome.
The region is home to corsac, numerous rodents – gophers, jerboa, gerbilles, reptiles – lizards, snakes, turtles, birds – saksaul jay, desert warbler, sandgrouse.
The region has limited reserves of natural resources and raw materials, which mainly ensure the production of building materials, including:
– Brick and tile raw material deposits in Bayaut, Guliston districts, as well as in the Dmitrov field.
– Sand and gravel materials prevail in Verhnovolynsky field of Sayhunobod district of the region.
– Mineral groundwaters are extracted in Malek field of Sirdaryo district.