Sirdaryo oasis has long been an important geographical area, a crossroad leading to Sogdiana, Chach and Ferghana. The region’s oldest settlements appeared along rivers and sais (mountain streams) Hojamushkentsay, Shurbulaksay, Mugolsay, Tagabsay, Sarmichsay, Sirdaryo. Archaeological studies show that the first agricultural settlements appeared on the banks of Shurbulaksay and Hojamushkentsay about 3,000 years ago.
Sardoba in Sardoba district is one of the monuments that reflect the region’s history. ‘Sardoba’ from Persian means ‘cold water’ (‘sard’ – cold, icy, wet and ‘ob’ – water). Sardobas were erected on the caravan routes. According to the chroniclers, there was a caravanserai and a garden near Sardoba Agachly (Yoghgochli). Integrated land development of the Hungry Steppe (Mirzacho’l) in Sirdaryo region began in the 50s of the twentieth century. Cities and towns, irrigation facilities, manufacturing plants and more were built in Mirzacho’l as a result of development of previously desert, riparian and shrub lands.